China has a total population of 1.2 billion, nearly 20 percent of the world's total population. Increasing with annual population of 15 million, China has implemented family planning to control the population growth. The basic demands of family planning are late marriage and late childbirth, having fewer but healthier babies, specifically, one child for one couple. At present, family planning as a basic state policy is supported by a vast majority of the people.
China has 56 nationalities. The Hans, the biggest nationality group in the country, account for 94 percent of China's total population. The areas they live in are relatively developed economically and culturally. The other 55 ethnic groups, minorities with smaller populations are: Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Korean, Manchu, Dong, Yao, Bai, Tujia, Kazak, Hani, Dai, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Gaoshan, Lahu, Sui, Dongxiang, Naxi, Tu, Lhoba, Kirgiz, Jingpo, Daur, Mulam, Qiang, Blang, Salar, Maonan, Gelao, Xibe, Achang, Tajik, Nu, Ewenki, De'ang, Primi, Monba, Jino, Uzbek, Bonan,Yugur, Tatar, Gin, Derung, Oroqen, Hezhen and Russian. In addition, the Chamans and Dengs are to be classified.
China's ethnic minority groups are scattered in large areas, mainly in southwest, northwest, north and northeast China, and the sparsely-inhabited areas have rich natural resources and unique landscapes.Photo Gallery of China Population and Nationalities