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Xuzhou

 

Xuzhou, in the northwest of Jiangsu Province, is located at the intersection point of Henan Province, Shandong Province and Anhui Province. It covers an area of 1,125 km2 and has a population of 8.7 million.

The city has convenient access to transportation. The Beijing-Shanghai Railway intersects with the Longhai Railway (which runs from Lanzhou in Gansu Province to Lianyungang in Jiangsu Province) in Xuzhou. National highways and local expressways link the city with other cities in China. The Grand Canal goes through the city and makes the Xuzhou Port an important energy transfer port. Xuzhou Guanyin Airport offers daily flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other major cities around China.

Xuzhou has plentiful mineral resources, such as coal, iron, titanium and well salt. It also has one of the ten largest coal reserves in China.

Xuzhou's history can be dated back to 2,600 years ago.. During the Qin and Han Dynasties (221BC-AD24), Xuzhou was called Pengcheng. It is the home town of Liu Bang (Gaozu Emperor), the first emperor of the Han Dynasty. During the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-AD24), Pengzhou became the capital of Western Chu. It had been the capital city for different states during the Eastern Han Dynasties (AD25-198) and the Three Kingdoms Period (AD190-280). During the Eastern Han Dynasty, Pengzhou was renamed Xuzhou. Due to its important geographic location, the area became the battlefield of the Huaihai Campaign in 1948-1949 during the Chinese Civil War.

Tourists visiting Xuzhou will want to see the "Handai San Jue", the three most important and symbolic treasures that represent Han culture. These are the Han tombs, the terracotta warriors and the Han stone sculptures. Examples of these can be seen in the Xuzhou Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses of the Han Dynasty, the Guishan Han Tomb, and the Gallery of Han Stone Sculpture, respectively. The Xuzhou Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses of the Han Dynasty, situated on the west side of Lion Hill, displays thousands of terracotta warriors and horses. Xuzhou Han City, located in Jiuli District, is a Han-style modern building. It is also a teleplay and film base for China Central Television (CCTV). Xuzhou also has many special villages, such as Peixian County, Mazhuang Village and Qijia Village. Mazhuang Village is the "Chinese Folk Custom and Culture Village". The most recommendable cuisines in Xuzhou include Fish Stewed in Mutton (Yang Fang Cang Yu), Steaming Turtle and Chicken (Ba Wang Bie Ji) and Dongpo Meat.

Xuzhou Tourist Attractions

    Guishan Han Tomb

    It is situated in the west side of Guishan Mountain which is to the northwest...
    Xuzhou Han City

    Encompassing an area of about 160,000 square meters (40 acres), Xuzhou Han Ci...
    Xuzhou Museum

    Covering an area of 23,000 square meters, Xuzhou Museum is situated on the no...
    Yunlong Mountain

    Yunlong Mountain is located south of Xuzhou. The mountain is divided into nin...
 

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